The story of Safa and Marwa is a significant part of Islamic history and is associated with the ritual of performing Umrah, one of the Islamic pilgrimages to Mecca.
According to Islamic tradition, the story of Safa and Marwa goes back to the time of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and his wife Hajar (Hagar). The story is as follows:
Prophet Ibrahim, who was a prophet of Allah, was commanded to leave his wife, Hajar, and their infant son, Ismail, in the desert of Mecca. He left them there with some food and water, and with the belief that Allah would provide for them.
After some time, the water and food ran out, and Hajar became desperate to find water for her son. She ran between two hills, Safa and Marwa, seven times, searching for water. Allah was pleased with her effort, and a miracle happened – a spring of water gushed forth from the ground where baby Ismail’s feet were touching.
This spring of water is now known as Zamzam and is considered a holy water source for Muslims. The act of running between the hills of Safa and Marwa is now an important part of the Umrah pilgrimage, where Muslims reenact Hajar’s search for water.
Thus, Safa and Marwa are considered sacred hills for Muslims and serve as a symbol of faith and devotion to Allah.