The “Shadharawan” is actually called the “Hijr Ismail” or “Hijr” for short, which is a low wall that surrounds the Ka’bah on three sides. It is located to the north of the Ka’bah and is made of light-grey coloured marble.
According to Islamic tradition, the Hijr marks the site where Prophet Ismail (peace be upon him) and his mother, Hajar, used to live. It is also believed that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to pray in this area.
The Hijr is considered a part of the Ka’bah and is therefore considered a sacred site. However, it is not considered a part of the tawaf, which is the act of circumambulating the Ka’bah during the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages. Therefore, pilgrims are not required to include the Hijr in their tawaf.
Despite its significance, the Hijr is not accessible to pilgrims during the Hajj and Umrah, as it is currently separated from the rest of the Haram area by a fence. However, visitors to the Haram are still able to see and appreciate the Hijr from a distance.