Jannatul Baqi, also known as the Baqi Al Gharqad, is a cemetery located in Medina, Saudi Arabia. It is one of the most significant Islamic cemeteries, as it contains the graves of several prominent companions of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and members of his family.
The cemetery was established during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and was used as a burial ground for the people of Medina. Over time, it became the final resting place for many of the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him), including Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman, the first three Caliphs of Islam.
The cemetery was expanded and beautified by various Muslim rulers throughout history, including the Abbasid and Ottoman empires. However, in 1925, the Saudi Arabian government demolished many of the structures in Jannatul Baqi and leveled the graves, sparking controversy and protest among Muslims around the world who considered the site to be a sacred place.
Today, Jannatul Baqi remains an important site for Muslims who visit Medina for pilgrimage or other purposes, and many continue to advocate for the restoration and preservation of the cemetery’s historical and religious significance.